A mortgage is the transfer of an interest in property (or the equivalent in law – a charge) to a lender as a security for a debt – usually a loan of money. While a mortgage in itself is not a debt, it is the lender’s security for a debt. It is a transfer of an interest in land (or the equivalent) from the owner to the mortgage lender, on the condition that this interest will be returned to the owner when the terms of the mortgage have been satisfied or performed. In other words, the mortgage is a security for the loan that the lender makes to the borrower.
When buying a home for the first time, a mortgage can seem like a daunting thing that you don’t understand. Here is some basic mortgage terminology that you need to know in order to make an informed decision:
A mortgage term is the length of time you have to pay off your loan. It could be anywhere from 10 years to 30 years. Like any loan, the longer you have to pay off your mortgage, the lower the payments will be. An important mortgage tip – in some cases, the shorter the term, the lower the interest rate.
The “rate” is the interest rate, which basically defines how much you will be paying the bank to borrow money from them. The interest rate offered to you is dependent on your credit rating, how much money you are able to put down, how much money you make and the value of the home you’re buying.
Costs typically refer to closing costs, which are a part of every mortgage. You may see offers for “No Closing Costs” but these programs are rare. If you get a no closing cost loan, it usually means the mortgage company is making a large enough commission on your loan to cover the closing costs for you. Closing costs usually include an appraisal, recording fees on documents at the registry or deeds, attorney or notary fees and the like.